Scientists have developed a material which could help regenerate tooth enamel. This will prevent and eliminate tooth decay or sensitivity. The enamel is the outer coating of the teeth. It is the hardest tissue in the body and can resist extreme temperatures and acidic foods and drinks thereby lasting longer. However, once lost it cannot regrow. This leads to pain and tooth loss. These problems affect more than 50% of the world population and finding ways to counter this will be beneficial to the lot of us.
Researchers at the Queen Mary University of London now say that they have discovered a way to grow mineralized material which could pave way for regenerating hard tissues like bone and the enamel.
Dr Sherif Elsharkawy, a dentist and the first author of this study, said; “this is exciting because the simplicity and versatility of the mineralization platform open up opportunities to treat and regenerate dental tissues. For example, we could develop acid-resistant bandages that can infiltrate, mineralize, and shield exposed dentinal tubules (microscopic channels) in human teeth for the treatment of hypersensitivity.”
They found a protein that can trigger the growth of crystals similar to how crystals grow when dental enamel develops in the body. The lead author, Professor Alvaro Mata said that their key point was finding a way of controlling and guiding the process of mineralization. “Through this, we have developed a technique to easily grow synthetic materials that emulate such hierarchically organized architecture over large areas and with the capacity to tune their properties.”
The report has been published in Science Journal Nature Communications. The researchers believe that this would mean a major step in regenerative medicine. #Rewordit