This relatively small nation is making gigantic strides in becoming one of the first nations in the world to be completely freed from the use of fossil fuels. Following in the footsteps of his predecessor, President Carlos Alvarado declared that “Decarbonisation is the great task of our generation and Costa Rica must be one of the first countries in the world to achieve this, if not the first.” The former journalist hoped that by the year 2021 the Central American nation will not only be celebrating 200 years of independence, but also complete freedom from the use of fossil fuels in its transport system.
The task of going completely fossil fuel-free in such a short amount of time may seem daunting to other nations, but Costa Rica has so much going for it in terms of the use of clean and renewable energy that President Alvarado’s plan might just work. The nation is after all very well known for producing at least 99% of its electricity through renewable sources such hydropower, solar, wind, biomass and geothermal power. In addition to this, in 2017 Costa Rica used only clean energy for 300 consecutive days, breaking its own record. With its strong conservation laws and impressive ecotourism industry, this country is definitely taking bold steps towards a cleaner and greener future.
The country’s move to abolish fossil fuels by 2021 has been met with a lot of positivity from leaders and environmentalist all over the world and the nation is truly deserving of all the praise and accolades. Even though the country isn’t likely to face much backlash since it has no significant oil or gas industry; the transition to a fossil fuel-free economy will not be without adversity. The fact that the country’s public transport system isn’t at its best and gas/diesel powered private vehicles rule the transport system will serve as a great hindrance to the achievement of fossil fuel-free transport system. Furthermore, 22% of the government’s income currently comes from the taxation of fossil fuels, so without proper planning, the complete ban of the import of fossil fuel might negatively impact the already debt-ridden government.
Despite all this, the world remains hopeful that this progressive nation will achieve this great feat and serve as an example to other nations. Solidifying the hope for a cleaner and greener future for the world. A better tomorrow always requires that we work a better plan that starts today. #Rewordit